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2014߿ȫͳһԣ¿α⼰

Դ:51ߺҽ    :2753    :2016-4-23 9:09:51
ߺһҽѼ2014ͨߵѧУȫͳһԣ¿α
ۺ ﲿ
wordУػ
ܰʾͶɹһ£תлл
Ա
Ԭ
ı뼰У ν غ Ԭ
ͼƬ Ԭ
ν ΰ  غ 鲨
ν Ԭ
1.ϸĤṹ͹ܵǣ
A.֬ʺ͵ϸĤҪ
B.ϸ˥ʱϸĤͨ͸Իᷢı
C.ǼԷӣԲɢķʽͨϸĤ
D.ϸļϸĤӦĽϿʵϸϢ
𰸡C
ϸĤĻǼ֬˫Ӳ㣬ԭڼԷӼĵãʹüԷɵڼԷɵܼԷӸɢķʽͨϸĤ

2.壬չһʱúڲѸٽƿϣ˺ϸҶڲܷǣ
A.O2IJֹͣ B.CO2Ĺ̶ӿ
C.ATP/ADPֵ½ D.NADPH/NADP+ֵ½
𰸡B
úڲƿסⷴӦֹͣIJֹͣAᷢⷴӦֹͣ[H]ATPIJֹͣ°ӦC3ĻԭٶȼC3Ҷڻ۵¶̼Ĺ̶BᷢⷴӦֹͣATPɼ٣ATP/ADPֵ½CᷢⷴӦֹͣNADPH[H]IJ٣NADPH/NADP+ֵ½Dᷢ

3.ڻ̬άֻıҪǣ
A.ڻȶڻӦ绷ı仯
B.ڻ̬³´лøٷӦ
C.άڻNa+K+Ũȵȶάϸ˷
D.ڻзıֽͪϸṩĽ
𰸡D
ڻȶڻӦ绷ı仯ΪϸṩһȶAȷڻ̬ʹϸ¶ȺpHȶĻУ³´лøٷӦУBȷϢλάҪK+λIJҪNa+άڻNa+K+Ũȵȶάϸ˷ԣCȷֽͪⷢϸڣͪijֽУֽϸʻУûзڻУD

4.йֲϸʱڷʵǣ
A.ɫȣúɫʵĹ۲
B.úҶƬʵʱҶĴڻʵĹ۲
C.ɫƬҶƤͬλ۲쵽ʱڷ̶ȿܲͬ
D.ɫƬҶƤϸҺɫأʵĹ۲
𰸡B
ɫϸҺݳʺɫȰɫڹ۲ʱڷAȷҶƬҶϸҺݳɫҶĴʹԭʲɫʵĹ۲죬BɫƬҶƤͬλϸϸҺŨȲһͬͬŨȵҺʱڷʵʱ۲쵽ʱڷ̶ȿܲͬCȷɫƬҶƤϸҺݺɫأɫʵĹ۲죬Dȷ

5.ͼΪijֵȾɫŴϵͼɫĸǸŴߣΪ壩׽ʱŴʽϸߣٶͼеڢһŴӴĸ1/48ôó˸ֵҪ޶ǣ

A.2͢4Ǵ
B.11͢4Ǵ
C.232͢3Ӻ
D.451͢2Ӻ
𰸡B
ŴΪȾɫԣI2I4Ƿ񴿺ϣII2II3II4II5Ļ;ΪAaAII1-1ϣ-2Ϊ1/2Aa-1Ϊ1/4Aa-3Ϊ2/3Aa4ϣ-2Ϊ2/31/2=1/3Aaʢ䣬Ӵĸ1/41/31/4=1/48Bȷ2͢3һӺӣۢ-14ͬʱAAͬʱAaһAAһAaʶ1/48C󡣢䣬ӴII5Ļ޹أ嶼ӺӣӴĸ1/4D

6.ijֲﲡVͨʭʳˮ֭Һˮ䴫ġӿɼٸòˮĴȷǣ
A.뵾ʭDzʳϵ B.ˮǾϵ
C.VǼϵ D.ˮͲVǻϵ
𰸡A
Ʋԭܲʳʭ뵾ʭDzʳϵAȷˮܲùͬԴ߲ǾϵB󣻲Vˮ֮ǼĹϵCD

29.9֣ش⣺
1ڹ۲ϸ˿ѵʵУƾҺ⣬ҺȾɫʵУƾҺ Һ Ⱦϣܹʹϸе ɫ
2ùѧ΢۲ϸԿϸˡϸ˵ĹܿɸΪ
𰸡1ʹ֯еϸ໥ Ⱦɫ
2ϸϸŴʴ桢ƺת¼ҪϸлŴĿ
1ƾҺǽҺڽ̣ҩҺʹ֯еϸ໥뿪ҺȾɫ̣ΪȾϣʹϸеȾɫɫ
2ϸ˹ܽΪȫIJӦǣϸϸŴʴ桢ƺת¼ҪϸлŴĿġ

30.11֣شȺ⣺
1ڹʯϿʼʹɭֱȫĵطʼУĸڳ棬ĸڴ棿
2һ˵Ҫ浽ȶɭֽ׶Σдʱ̣Ҫԭ
3ݵ飬5ijԽԽɭ𽥱ȡҲȻڵһ͡50ȿѣ¾ֲԳ˻ĮõеȻȣĿѻʹøõȺٶ δı䡱򡰱족ķ ı䡱δı䡱
𰸡1ʯϿʼΪ ɭȫĵطʼΪ
2γɭҪһʼʱ߱ӵҿʼҪﵽҪʱ
3 δı
1ָһûбֲ︲ǵĵ棬ԭڹֲ˵ĵطָԭֲѲڣԭֲӻֳĵط
2ӣֲķֳٶȿ죬ֲƶ񤲻ڷֳٶȽ˵ûٶȡ
3Ⱥ֮Ļ򡢵òͻȣɳΪҪȿѣƻ㼰Ľṹ¾ֲԳ˻ĮʹøõȺٶȱ죬ȻøĮ棬ķδı䡣

31.10֣֪5%Һ͸ѹ붯Ѫ͸ѹָͬСһĸҺҺСһӰ졣
ش⣺
1ǽϸֽ⣬ղеɽϸҺͨѭϵͳ䵽 ϵͳų⡣ųϰϸҺpH
2ѪеDzϽϸãϸҺ͸ѹ Ӷʹ͸ѹָԭˮƽ
3ϸҺ͸ѹ仯ʱϸҺ͸ѹ ᡱ򡰲ᡱ仯
𰸡1 ½ 2 3
1ǽ֯ϸֽ⣬ֽղΪˮͶ̼̼ͨɢڻͨѭϵͳ䵽ϵͳų⣬ù裬ϸҺж̼۹࣬pH½
2ѪǴ֯ϸѪ΢٣Ѫ͸ѹ½̼͸ѹʹôͷŵĿؼ٣СܡϹܶˮռࡣ
3ϸҺϸҺ͸ƽ״̬ϸҺ͸ѹ仯ʱʹϸˮʧˮϸҺ͸ѹҲı䡣

32.9֣ϵijƷ֣߸ˣ׵͸вˣƷ֪֡ԸвΪԣ߸˶԰Ϊԣڿ״Ļ֪١ش⣺
1ʵУƷֽӽ֣һ˵Ŀǻþ ״Ʒ֡
2ӽǰΪȷF2ֲģҪȷԤӽϵ¶ŴԤӽҪ3֮һǿв״һԵλƣҷϷ붨ɣ

3Ϊȷ״ĻǷ3ò⽻ʵм顣Ҫдò⽻ʵĹ̡
𰸡1 2߸밫״һԵλƣҷϷ붨ɣ״λڷͬԴȾɫ 3Ͽ߸вֲӽF1F1вӽ
1ӽֵĿǻö״һĴƷ֣֪밫ˣΪ״
2ϵ¶Ŵоϸ˻Ŵص㣬ʿ״ĵλӦλϸˡԻֱλͬԴȾɫϣѭ϶ɡ
3⽻ָӺӺԴӽӺӣӦӽõӺӣȻٽв⽻ʵ顣

39.[ѡ1\ʵ]15֣
ֲոеάؿɱijЩ΢ֽ⡣ش:
1ֽոάص΢ܷάøø3ɵĸøеøɽ ֽ
2ںάصмչ죨CRʱCRάγ ɫúCRĸάطֽʱϻԸþľΪĵ
3ΪӸάصзάطֽĵ䣬ijͬѧ˼סɷּ±


ĸ ޻ άط ֬ CRҺ ˮ
+ + + + - + +
+ + + - + + +
ע+ʾУʾޡ
ݱжϣ ܡ򡰲ܡڷͼάطֽԭ ܡ򡰲ܡڷͼάطֽԭ
𰸡1ά 2ɫ ͸Ȧ
3 Һܷ뵥 ûάأγCR-άغɫʹֵҲȷΪάطֽ
1άһβɵĸ߷ӻǺḻĶʡάܱijЩ΢ֽãͼ

2չάγɺɫάرάøֽ󣬺ɫ޷γɣάطֽΪĵ͸ȦǿͨǷ͸Ȧɸѡάطֽ
3ͼάطֽλάΪΨһ̼Դ


40.[ѡ3ִƼר]15֣
ijоÿԭAֱ3ֻͬСXYZÿֻС5ΣÿһܺⶨСѪ忹Чۣܼԭ巴ӦѪϡͱͼʾ

ҪƱӽϸȡߺСBܰϸȾɫĿ40ϸСϸȾɫĿ60һԹУټҶյϸںϣɸѡ⣬õϷڿAӽϸ
ش⣺
1ƱںBܰϸʱСѪ忹Чﵽ16000ϣСҪ ߺзҪġﵽҪXYZ3ֻСУʺƱBܰϸ С
2ϸںʵɺںϵгδںϵϸӽϸ⣬ܻ ϵгֶϸԭ
3ӽϸ ϸˣȾɫĿ
4δںϵBܰϸδ󶼲ܴԭ
𰸡1 Y YСĿЧ
2Bܰϸ໥ںγɵϸϸ໥ںγɵϸ ϸںģںʴﲻ100%
31 100

1ͼĴעXYZСѪ忹Ч۾ﵽ16000ϣСYBܰϸЧߣƱ¡塣
2ںϵгδںϵϸӽϸ֮⣬йϸBܰϸںϲϸĤԣյ֮ϸںϲԣϵлֶ͵ϸ
3ӽϸγɺСBܰϸϸ˻ںγһϸˡСBܰϸȾɫĿ40͹ϸȾɫĿ60ںϺȾɫɴ100
4δںϵBܰϸδȻֳܶϸͬʱϸķѴ޵ġ















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