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2011갲ʡбҵѧҵԻѧ⼰𰸽

Դ:51ߺҽ    :3327    :2012-12-24 9:05:30
ߺҽѼ2011갲ʡбҵѧҵԻѧ

2011갲ʡпѧ⼰𰸽.doc
ע

116С⣬60֡ѧĿʱ乲120ӡ

2õԭH1 C12 O 16 Na23 Si28

һ10С ÿ2֣20֣ѡ

1ΪѧĹףϹ2011궨Ϊʻѧꡱ

˵ȷǡ

A .ϳҩзʹã彡

B.²ϵƺӦãǵƷ

C.ʯȼϵֱãٽ˵̼õķչ

D.ʵĺʹũʳΣ

2мֳУлĿǡ



A ֭ B ţ C Ȫˮ D ơ

3ѧҷSeɽתΪHgSeӶȾHgSeйԪΪ+2ۣ

ԪصĻϼǡ

A. +2 B. 0 C. 1 D. 2



4ԭᣨC16H18O9ΪӪءԴʡֽϹĶ٣ҩģȡйԭ˵ȷǡ
A .һк9ˮ B.һ£ȼCO2H2O

C. D.ԪصΪ21

5΢Ԫ֮һ˵ǡ

A. ΨһԴ B. ԭӵΪ53

53 I



126.9

C. ԪصԭΪ126.9 D . ԭӵĺΪ53
6ʵȷǡ

A .ռCO2 B. Һ C. ȡҺ D. ռ



7ѧδʯ͡ƱֹķӦΪSiO2+C====Si+nCO˵ȷǡ

A. ûѧʽn=1 B. ÷ӦΪûӦ

C. Ӧǰԭ仯 D. ǵؿкߵԪ

8ݱѧҴCO2нǿǷ״ʡˮÿˮ95SiO2˵ȷǡ

A.ˮյCO2ֻ仯 B. ˮ͸ɱͬһ

C.ˮеķӲ˶ D.ˮһֻ

9ѧ̽гõķʵʵƳȷǡ


ʵʵ
ʵ

A
ijҺʹ̪Һ
ҺһNaOHҺ

B
ijʿԵ
һǽ

C
£ⶨijҺPH=3
Һһ

D
ij岻ʹǵľȼ
һ


10гõĵζƷܽͼ˵ȷǡ



A.ˮеܽȱˮеС

B.DZҺָܼԭ¶ȣнᾧ

C.¶ߣҺǵһ

D.t1Ⱥt2ʱҺʵ



5С⣬34֡

116֣ͼΪijҩʵͼش⡣



1ͼбʾУĽԪǡдһּɣлϳɲϵǡ

2ڡĸţ

A. B. C. ֬ D. ά

ҩƬҪɷ֣̼ơۣ

3ͼϰװ΢ʵ顣þ̼ƣҩְɫĩʱɷֱȡƷװѨУٵ롪ԼƣСԭ̼ơ

4һֿҩҪɷþMg2Si3O8nH2OֽᷢⷴӦӦкþĻǡѧʽ

127֣䡱ʹʡܶȻҪɷCH4ʵҳͼ1ʾķװȡCH4ش⡣

(1) ͼ1aǡ

2ʵҿáռCH4

3Ȼȫȼջһж壬仯ѧʽΪˣʹˮʱֹжǡдһּɣ

mCO2g mSO2g

a

ͼ1

Ȼ ʯ ú Ȼ ʯ ú

4ȼ1kgͬʯȼCO2SO2ͼ2 ʾ--------------ȼ׵꣬ȼնԻӰС

137֣ҽȻƳںϳҩԹҵ̼ƣFe3+ʣΪԭˮȻƣCaCl22H2Oͼʾ

1дڢٲ̼ᷴӦĻѧʽ

2ڢڲǷѧ仯ǡ򡰷񡱣

3aǡʵҽиòʱǡ

4׶ΣҪ㹻ĸƣдһIJƷ

147֣ijоСѧϰĻѧʱ֣˿ȼûл棬ȼȴĻ档Сͬѧ̽

1д˿ȼյĻѧʽ

2̽һȼղԭʲô

ȼ򣬽һ棬ʣһ



ܿڵȼҲлͼʾɴ˿֪ȼղĻ

ɡ̬̬ȼγɵġ

3̽ȼղĸԭʲô

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۵u
еu
ȼʱ¶Ȩu

ʯ
5070
300550
Լ600


1535
2750
Խ1800


97.8
883
Խ1400


ϱ֪ȼܷ䡪۵㡱򡰷е㡱ȼʱ¶йءɴƲ⣺ȼʱСûС

4ľ̿ȼûл棬ľ̿ȼʱ棬ԭǡ

157֣ΪопĽԣijоС̽

1СƵʵ鷽ͬƬпзֱᡣдпᷴӦĻѧʽ

2СȥĤδȥĤƬֱУǰ߱Ⱥ߷Ӧ죬ԭǡ

3Сڣ2ʵУ۲쵽СҺɫһ쳣֡

⡿ᷴӦֵĻҺɫʲô



סڿСʱΪҺɫAlCl3Ϊɫ͸ɫ΢dzɫĹ壬ˮҴ



衿aûҺɫܺС

bûҺɫܺAlCl3

cûҺɫܺʡ

Ʋʵ顿ȡҺɫֱʵ顣



ʵ
ʵ
ʵ


ϡ
΢ݣȫܽ⣬õҺ


ˮ
岿ܽ


ˮҴ
岿ܽ




óۡʵٿжϼc򡰲ټϢں͢ۿɵóûҺɫijɷǡ

ע⣺ԣ4С⽱4֣ѧֲܷ60֡

4ΪСʵܷȽпĽǿ ܡ򡰲ܡֱƷͲԵĽǶȣ˵ɣ



⹲6֡

166֣ƣNa2SiO3ҹȷչľϸƷҵƱķӦΪ

2NaOH+ SiO2 == Na2SiO3 + H2O 125tʯӢɰSiO2Ϊ96ΪԭϣNaOHҺӦԼ㣺

1125tʯӢɰSiO2

2ϵõƵ





ο𰸼ֱ׼



һѡ 10С ÿ2ֹ20֣

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

C
C
D
B
A
A
B
D
C
B




5С 34

116֣ 1 Al Ca Ԫƣ1֣ ϣ1֣2 b 1֣

3 ϡ ݲ 1 𰸺֣ 4MgCl21֣

127֣ 1ƾƣ1֣ 2ſˮ1֣

3 CO 1֣ ͨ磨𰸺֣2֣

4ú Ȼ 1֣

13 7֣1CaCO3+2HCl==CaCl2+H2O+CO2 2֣

2ǣ1֣ 3 1֣ 4ԸƵʳ2֣

147֣13Fe+2O2ȼ====Fe3O4 2֣ 2̬1֣3е У1֣

4ľ̿ȼչвCO2ȿȼȼղ˻棨2֣

157֣1Zn+2HCl==ZnCl2+H22֣

2δȥĤƬĤᷴӦ1֣

3 Ȼ1֣1֣ Ȼ2֣

4С⹲4֣ѧֲܷ60֣

ܣ1֣Сʵ鷽δƽĴȣŨȵرͬ1֣

Ƭпıͬ2֣



⹲6

166֣⣺1ʯӢɰеSiO2125t96%120t2֣

2ɹƵΪx

2NaOH + SiO2 == Na2SiO3 + H2O

60 122

120t x



=



X=244t 4

ԡ






ٶ:2011갲ʡбҵѧҵԻѧ⼰𰸽

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